have been shown to increase the risk of suicidal thoughts and behavior in short-term research studies involving children and teenagers (see Tricyclic Antidepressants and Suicide for more information on the risks of suicide with tricyclic antidepressants)
. Talk to your healthcare provider about the possible treatment options for childhood or teen depression
Off-Label Tricyclic Antidepressant Uses
On occasion, your healthcare provider may recommend a tricyclic antidepressant for something other than the condition(s) discussed above. This is called an "off-label" use. At this time, off-label uses of tricyclic antidepressants include the treatment of the following conditions:
- Chronic pain: Tricyclic antidepressants work best for chronic pain that is nerve-related, such as nerve pain from having shingles (including postherpetic neuralgia).
- Anxiety disorder: Many antidepressants (including tricyclic antidepressants) are used to treat anxiety disorders.
- Urinary incontinence in adults: Tricyclic antidepressants can help adults with problems with bladder control.
- Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): Tricyclic antidepressants can be used to treat ADHD, especially if other ADHD medications have not been effective or have caused side effects.
- Fibromyalgia: Tricyclic antidepressants have been used to treat pain and other symptoms of fibromyalgia.
- Prevention of migraine headaches: Tricyclic antidepressants can be used on a daily basis to prevent migraine headaches.
- Treatment for bulimia: Tricyclic antidepressants have been found to improve symptoms of bulimia, including binge eating and vomiting.
- Smoking cessation: Tricyclic antidepressants are sometimes used to help people quit smoking.