What Is Zoloft Used For?
Zoloft Use for OCD
People with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) suffer intensely from recurrent, unwanted thoughts (obsessions) or rituals (compulsions) that they feel they cannot control. Rituals such as handwashing, counting, checking something, or cleaning are often performed with the hope of preventing obsessive thoughts or making them go away. Performing these rituals, however, provides only temporary relief, and not performing them greatly increases anxiety. The exact cause or causes of obsessive-compulsive disorder are not fully known at this time.
Zoloft is approved for OCD treatment in adults. Although antidepressants such as Zoloft are effective for treating the symptoms of OCD, behavior therapy is often used along with medications to treat the condition. Ask your healthcare provider about behavior therapy for OCD.
Zoloft Use for Panic Disorder
People with panic disorder have recurrent, unexpected feelings of extreme fear and dread that strike for no apparent reason, causing their heart to race, as well as rapid breathing, sweating, and shakiness. These "attacks" can send people to the hospital believing they are having a heart attack. A panic attack may even occur when the person is not in a situation that would normally create stress, anxiety, or fear.
Zoloft is approved for the treatment of panic disorder in adults. Panic disorder is a form of anxiety, and antidepressants (such as Zoloft) are often useful in treating anxiety disorders.
Zoloft for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a debilitating condition that can develop following a terrifying event. Often, people with post-traumatic stress disorder have persistent, frightening thoughts and memories of their ordeal and feel emotionally numb, especially with people they were once close to. Post-traumatic stress disorder affects about 5.2 million adult Americans. Women are more likely than men to develop PTSD. Post-traumatic stress disorder can occur at any age, including childhood, and there is some evidence that susceptibility to post-traumatic stress disorder may run in families.
Treatment of PTSD often involves therapy, and there are several different types of therapy available for people with PTSD (see PTSD Treatment for more information). Medication is also effective for PTSD, and Zoloft is one of the medications approved to treat PTSD.