Zoloft® (sertraline hydrochloride) is a prescription drug approved to treat various conditions within the brain, including:
- Depression (also known as major depression or clinical depression)
- Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
- Panic disorder
- Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
- Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD)
- Social anxiety disorder (social phobia).
There are currently two different forms of Zoloft: oral concentrate (liquid) and tablets. The mediation is taken by mouth, typically once a day.
Zoloft belongs to a class of drugs called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. It works by balancing the levels of serotonin, a chemical that can cause depression and panic disorder when levels in the brain become unbalanced. The antidepressant has been shown to be effective for treating OCD in children as young as six years old, but it has not been studied in children or teens for any other use.
(Click Zoloft for more information on when and how to take Zoloft oral concentrate and tablets, to find out what side effects may occur with this drug, and to learn more about the specific effects.)